A drivers guide to driving in the UK
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Licence Information





Driving Licence Categories

Information regarding the current drivers licence categories. Find out what categories you need on your licence to drive a specific vehicle.


Your entitlements may have additional restrictions. Check the restriction codes for your driving licence.

Driving licence categories are different in Northern Ireland.

Mopeds

Category AM

You can drive 2-wheeled vehicles with a maximum design speed of over 25km/h (15.5mph) but not more than 45km/h (28mph).

This category also includes light quad bikes with:
• unladen mass of not more than 350kg (not including batteries if itís an electric vehicle)
• maximum design speed of over 25km/h (15.5mph) but not more than 45km/h (28mph)

Category P

You can drive 2-wheeled vehicles with a maximum design speed of over 45km/h (28mph) but not more than 50km/h (31mph).

Its engine size must not be more than 50cc if powered by an internal combustion engine.

Category Q

You can drive 2-wheeled vehicles with:
• an engine size not more than 50cc if powered by an internal combustion engine
• a maximum design speed of no more than 25km/h (15.5mph)

Motorcycles

Category A1

You can drive light motorbikes with:
• an engine size up to 125cc
• a power output of up to 11kW
• a power to weight ratio not more than 0.1kW/kg

This category also includes motor tricycles with power output up to 15kW.

Category A2

You can drive motorbikes with a:
• power output up to 35kW
• power to weight ratio not more than 0.2kW/kg

The motorbike must also not be derived from a vehicle of more than double its power.

Category A

You can drive:
• motorbikes with a power output more than 35kW or a power to weight ratio more than 0.2kW/kg
• motor tricycles with a power output more than 15kW

Light vehicles and quad bikes

Category B1

You can drive motor vehicles with 4 wheels up to 400kg unladen or 550kg if theyíre designed for carrying goods.

Cars

Category B


You can drive vehicles up to 3,500kg Maximum Authorised Mass (MAM) with up to 8 passenger seats (with a trailer up to 750kg).

You can also tow heavier trailers if the total weight of vehicle and trailer isnít more than 3,500kg.

You can drive motor tricycles with a power output higher than 15kW if you are over 21 years old.

Physically disabled drivers with provisional category B entitlement will also have provisional entitlement to ride category A1 or A motor tricycles.


Able-bodied drivers can no longer ride motor tricycles with a provisional category B licence.

Category B auto

You can drive a category B vehicle - but only an automatic one.

Category B+E

You can drive a category B vehicle with a trailer when they have a combined weight over 3,500kg.

Medium-sized vehicles

Category C1

You can drive vehicles weighing between 3,500 and 7,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg).

Category C1+E

You can drive C1 category vehicles with a trailer over 750kg, but the trailer - when fully loaded - canít weigh more than the vehicle.

The combined weight of both canít exceed 12,000kg.

Large vehicles

Category C

You can drive vehicles over 3,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg).

Category C+E

You can drive category C vehicles with a trailer over 750kg.

Minibuses


Category D1

You can drive vehicles with:
• no more than 16 passenger seats
• a maximum length of 8 metres
• a trailer up to 750kg

Category D1+E

You can drive D1 category vehicles with a trailer over 750kg, but the trailer - when fully loaded - canít weigh more than the vehicle.

The combined weight of both canít exceed 12,000kg.

Buses

Category D

You can drive any bus with more than 8 passenger seats (with a trailer up to 750kg).

Category D+E

You can drive D category vehicles with a trailer over 750kg.

Other categories

Category Vehicle you can drive
F Agricultural tractor
G Road roller
H Tracked vehicles
K Mowing machine or pedestrian-controlled vehicle
L Electrically-propelled vehicle
M Trolley vehicles
N Exempt from duty



Driving licence codes

The codes printed on your driving licence tell you what conditions you must meet to drive.

The codes and their meanings are as follows:

01 - eyesight correction
02 - hearing/communication aid
10 - modified transmission
15 - modified clutch
20 - modified braking systems
25 - modified accelerator systems
30 - combined braking and accelerator systems
35 - modified control layouts
40 - modified steering
42 - modified rear-view mirror(s)
43 - modified driving seats
44 - modifications to motorbikes
44 (1) - single operated brake
44 (2) - (adjusted) hand operated brake (front wheel)
44 (3) - (adjusted) foot operated brake (back wheel)
44 (4) - (adjusted) accelerator handle
44 (5) - (adjusted) manual transmission and manual clutch
44 (6) - (adjusted) rear-view mirror(s)
44 (7) - (adjusted) commands (direction indicators, braking light, etc)
44 (8) - seat height allowing the driver, in sitting position, to have 2 feet on the road at the same time
45 - motorbikes only with sidecar
46 - tricycles only (for licences issued before 29 June 2014)
70 - exchange of licence
71 - duplicate of licence
78 - restricted to vehicles with automatic transmission
79 - restricted to vehicles in conformity with the specifications stated in brackets on your licence
79.02 - restricted to category AM vehicles of the 3-wheel or light quadricycle type
79.03 - restricted to tricycles
96 - allowed to drive a vehicle and trailer where the trailer weighs at least 750kg, and the combined weight of the vehicle and trailer is between 3,500kg and 4,250kg
97 - not allowed to drive category C1 vehicles which are required to have a tachograph fitted
101 - not for hire or reward (that is, not to make a profit)
102 - drawbar trailers only
103 - subject to certificate of competence
105 - vehicle not more than 5.5 metres long
106 - restricted to vehicles with automatic transmissions
107 - not more than 8,250 kilograms
108 - subject to minimum age requirements
110 - limited to transporting persons with restricted mobility
111 - limited to 16 passenger seats
113 - limited to 16 passenger seats except for automatics
114 - with any special controls required for safe driving
115 - organ donor
118 - start date is for earliest entitlement
119 - weight limit for vehicle does not apply
121 - restricted to conditions specified in the Secretary of Stateís notice
122 - valid on successful completion: Basic Moped Training Course
125 - tricycles only (for licences issued on or after 29 June 2014)



Northern Ireland Codes

Medical Restrictions

003 Prosthesis/Orthosis of the limbs
005 Limited use due to medical reasons
005.01 Limited to daytime journeys
005.02 Limited to journeys within a specified radius from the holders place of residence, or only inside a specified city or region
005.03 Driving without passengers
005.04 Limited to journeys with a speed not greater than a specified limit
005.05 Driving authorised solely when accompanied by a holder of a driving licence
005.06 Without a trailer
005.07 No driving on motorways
005.08 No alcohol

Vehicle Adaptations

044 Modifications to Motorcycles
044.01 Single operated brake
044.02 (Adjusted) hand operated brake (front wheel)
044.03 (Adjusted) foot operated brake (back wheel)
044.04 (Adjusted) accelerator handle
044.05 (Adjusted) manual transmission
044.06 (Adjusted) rear-view mirror(s)
044.07 (Adjusted) commands (direction indicators, braking light)
044.08 Seat height allowed the driver, in sitting position to have two feet on the road at the same time

Tricycle restriction

079.03 Restricted to tricycles (shows against category A)

General restrictions

01 eyesight correction
02 hearing/communication aid
10 modified transmission
15 modified clutch
20 modified braking systems
25 modified accelerator systems
30 combined braking and accelerator systems
35 modified control layouts
40 modified steering
42 modified rear - view mirror(s)
43 modified driving seats
44 modifications to motorcycles
45 motorcycle only with sidecar
46 Tricycles only (Note Ė this is applied following a test in Cat A which has been modified for disabled drivers)
50 Restricted to a specific vehicle/chassis number (Vehicle Identification Number Ė VIN)
51 Restricted to a specific vehicle/chassis number (Vehicle Registration Number Ė VRN)
70 exchange of licence
71 duplicate of licence
72 Restricted to Category A vehicles having a maximum cylinder capacity of 125cc and a maximum power of 1KW (A1)
73 Restricted to Category B vehicles of the motor tricycle or quadricycle type (B1)
74 Restricted to Category C vehicles the maximum authorised mass of which does not exceed 7,500kg (C1)
75 Restricted to Category D vehicles with no more that 16 seats, excluding the driverís seat (D1)
76 Restricted to Category C vehicles the maximum authorised mass of which does not exceed 7,500kg (C1), attached to a trailer the maximum authorised mass of which exceeds 750kg, provided that the maximum authorised mass of the vehicle train thus formed does not exceed the unladen mass of the drawing vehicle (C1E)
77 Restricted to Category D vehicles with no more than 16 seats, excluding the driverís seat (D1), attached to a trailer the maximum authorised mass of which exceeds 750 kg, provided that a) the maximum authorised mass of the vehicle train thus formed does not exceed 12,000kg and that the maximum authorised mass of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the drawing vehicle and b) the trailer is not used to carry passengers
78 restricted to vehicles with automatic transmission
79 restricted to vehicles in conformity with the specifications stated in brackets
106 restricted to vehicles with automatic transmission
113 limited to 16 passenger seats except for automatics
114 with any special controls required for safe driving
115 organ donor
118 start date is for earliest entitlement
119 weight limit does not apply

Additional Aptitude codes Ė These are not restrictions

095 Driver holding CPC meeting the obligation of professional aptitude provided for by Directive 2003/29/EC
096 Driver having completed training or having passed a test of skills and behaviour in accordance with the provision of Annex V